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Version: XState v5

Inspection

The Inspect API is a way to inspect the state transitions of your state machines and every aspect of actors in an actor system. Including:

  • Actor lifecycle
  • Actor event communication
  • Actor snapshot updates

The Inspect API lets you attach an “inspector,” an observer that observes inspection events, to the root of an actor system:

const actor = createActor(machine, {
inspect: (inspectionEvent) => {
// type: '@xstate.actor' or
// type: '@xstate.snapshot' or
// type: '@xstate.event'
console.log(event);
}
});

The inspector will receive inspection events for every actor in the system, giving you granular visibility into everything happening, from how an individual actor is changing to how actors communicate with each other.

Inspection events

Inspection events are event objects that have a type property that indicates the type of inspection event. There are three types of inspection events:

Actor inspection events

The actor inspection event (@xstate.actor) is emitted when an actor in the system is created. It contains the following properties:

  • type - the type of inspection event, always '@xstate.actor'
  • actorRef - the reference to the actor
  • rootId - the session ID of the root actor of the system

Example of an actor inspection event:

{
type: '@xstate.actor',
actorRef: {/* Actor reference */},
rootId: 'x:0',
}

Event inspection events

The event inspection event (@xstate.event) is emitted when an event is sent to an actor. It contains the following properties:

  • type - the type of inspection event, always '@xstate.event'
  • actorRef - the reference to the target actor of the event
  • rootId - the session ID of the root actor of the system
  • event - the event object that was sent
  • sourceRef - the reference to the source actor that sent the event, or undefined if the source is not known or an event was sent directly to the actor

Example of an event inspection event:

{
type: '@xstate.event',
actorRef: {/* Actor reference */},
rootId: 'x:0',
event: {
type: 'someEvent',
message: 'hello'
},
sourceRef: {/* Actor reference */},
}

Snapshot inspection events

The snapshot inspection event (@xstate.snapshot) is emitted when an actor's snapshot is updated. It contains the following properties:

  • type - the type of inspection event, always '@xstate.snapshot'
  • actorRef - the reference to the actor
  • rootId - the session ID of the root actor of the system
  • snapshot - the most recent snapshot of the actor
  • event - the event that caused the snapshot to be updated

Example of a snapshot inspection event:

{
type: '@xstate.snapshot',
actorRef: {/* Actor reference */},
rootId: 'x:0',
snapshot: {
status: 'active',
context: { count: 31 },
// ...
},
event: {
type: 'increment'
}
}